更新文档中的一部分

The update API combines the read and write patterns explained above.

[[img-distrib-update]] .Partial updates to a document image::images/04-04_update.png["Partial updates to a document"]

Below we list the sequence of steps used to perform a partial update on a document, as depicted in <>:

  1. The client sends an update request to Node_1.

  2. It forwards the request to Node 3, where the primary shard is allocated.

  3. Node 3 retrieves the document from the primary shard, changes the JSON in the _source field, and tries to reindex the document on the primary shard. If the document has already been changed by another process, it retries step 3 up to retry_on_conflict times, before giving up.

  4. If Node 3 has managed to update the document successfully, it forwards the new version of the document in parallel to the replica shards on Node 1 and Node 2 to be reindexed. Once all replica shards report success, Node 3 reports success to the requesting node, which reports success to the client.

The update API also accepts the routing, replication, consistency and timeout parameters that are explained in <>.


基于文档的复制

When a primary shard forwards changes to its replica shards, it doesn't forward the update request. Instead it forwards the new version of the full document. Remember that these changes are forwarded to the replica shards asynchronously and there is no guarantee that they will arrive in the same order that they were sent. If Elasticsearch forwarded just the change, it is possible that changes would be applied in the wrong order, resulting in a corrupt document.