主从库之间是如何通信的

For explanation purposes, let's imagine that we have a cluster consisting of 3 nodes. It contains one index called blogs which has two primary shards. Each primary shard has two replicas. Copies of the same shard are never allocated to the same node, so our cluster looks something like <>.

[[img-distrib]] .A cluster with three nodes and one index image::images/04-01_index.png["A cluster with three nodes and one index"]

We can send our requests to any node in the cluster. Every node is fully capable of serving any request. Every node knows the location of every document in the cluster and so can forward requests directly to the required node. In the examples below, we will send all of our requests to Node 1, which we will refer to as the requesting node.

TIP: When sending requests, it is good practice to round-robin through all the nodes in the cluster, in order to spread the load.